The Knesset is the supreme authority in the state, and its laws are theoretically the source of all power and authority, although in reality, decisions are made by the prime minister and the government (or cabinet) and ratified by the Knesset. The Knesset's name is derived from the Knesset Hagedola (Great Assembly), the supreme legislative body of the Jewish people after the Biblical period and prior to the Maccabean Revolt. The modern body is based, to a large extent, on the British model, adapted to Israel's needs and special requirements. It is a unicameral body of 120 members elected for 4-year terms by general, national, direct, equal, secret, and proportional suffrage in accordance with the Knesset Elections Law. Citizens may be elected to the Knesset if they are at least 21 years of age. The entire country elects all members; there are no separate constituencies. This system derives from that used by the World Zionist Organization and the Histadrut and other elements in the Yishuv prior to Israel's independence.
   All Israeli citizens age 18 and over may vote in Knesset elections without regard to sex, religion, or other factors, unless deprived of that right by a court of law. Voters cast their ballots for individual political parties, each with rival lists of candidates, rather than for individual candidates. Each party may present the voter with a list of up to 120 names—its choices for Knesset seats. An important part of the Knesset's work is done within the framework of its major committees: Committee for the Advancement of the Status of Women; Committee on Scientific and Technological Research and Development; Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee; Economics Committee; Education and Culture Committee; Finance Committee; House Committee; Foreign Affairs and Security Committee; Immigration (see ALIYA) and Absorption Committee; Interior and Environment Committee; Labor and Welfare Committee; and State Control Committee.
   See also Basic Law: the <

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • KNESSET — (Heb. כְּנֶסֶת; Assembly ), the parliament and legislature of the State of Israel. The name of the assembly and the number of its members were both adopted from the Knesset ha Gedolah – the Great Assembly of the fifth century B.C.E. The Knesset… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • knesset — KNESSÉT s.n. Parlament unicameral al statului Israel. [Scris şi knesseth] – Din engl. knesset. Trimis de catalin caba, 15.07.2006. Sursa: DEX 98  knessét s. n. Trimis de siveco, 15.07.2006. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  KNESSÉT s.n. Parlament… …   Dicționar Român

  • knesset — le Parlement israélien: une seule Chambre; 120 représentants élus pour 4 ans à la proportionnelle. knesset [knesɛt] n. f. ÉTYM. Mot hébreu, « assemblée », nom propre. ❖ ♦ La Knesset : l assemblée nationale de l État d Israël …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Knesset — Israeli parliament, 1949, from Mishnaic Heb. keneseth gathering, assembly, from stem of Heb. kanas he gathered, assembled, collected …   Etymology dictionary

  • Knesset — [k nes′et] n. [ModHeb keneset, lit., assembly, gathering < kanas, to assemble] the unicameral legislature of Israel …   English World dictionary

  • Knesset — Die Knesset (כנסת, Hebräisch für Versammlung) ist das Einkammerparlament des Staates Israel. Sie besteht aus 120 Abgeordneten, die für eine Legislaturperiode von vier Jahren gewählt werden, und trat am 14. Februar 1949 erstmals zusammen. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Knesset — Infobox Parliament name = Knesset כנסת الكنيست coa pic = Coat of arms of Israel.svg session room = Knesset Building (South Side).jpg house type = Unicameral leader1 type = Speaker leader1 = Dalia Itzik party1 = Kadima election1 = May 4, 2006… …   Wikipedia

  • Knesset — 31°46′36″N 35°12′19″E / 31.77667, 35.20528 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Knesset — /knes et/, n. the unicameral parliament of Israel. [1945 50; < ModHeb kneset, post Biblical Heb kaneseth gathering] * * * (Hebrew: Assembly ) Unicameral national legislature of Israel. The first Knesset opened in 1949. Its name and the number of… …   Universalium

  • Knesset — (hebreo: asamblea). Poder legislativo unicameral de Israel. El primer Knesset fue inaugurado en 1949. Su nombre y número de escaños (120) están basados en la asamblea judía de los tiempos bíblicos; sus tradiciones y organización están basadas en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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